8. Agriculture and Energy

According to the Federal Statistical Office, in 1905 about 15 people were fed per farm. This number rose sharply in the following years due to the growing population so that in 2010, theoretically, 155 people would have had to be fed per farm. In reality, however, a large proportion of food is imported. Nevertheless, in the future farms will have to extract more and more from the available land.


The agriculture of the future will be digitalized. Huge amounts of data can be collected from different areas. For example, every little plant can be recorded and individually treated and fertilized. This will of course be done by intelligent robots.


To digitalize an area, you need a basic framework. For robots to function well, they need secure communication and a database. Robots are already widely used in industry because this data flow is possible there. In agriculture, however, this infrastructure is lacking.

Terms of the Digitalization:

Internet of Things (IoT):
The Internet of Things tries to collect as much information as possible from the real world, organize it and link it together. For example states like „tank is full“ or „air is cold“.

Big Data Analysis:
Huge amounts of data are already available today. Most of it, however, relates to the smartphone or the computer. This data must be processed somehow and since conventional methods would be too slow for this, there is big data analysis.

Artificial Intelligence (AI):
Artificial intelligence uses training data and simulations to learn how it should react in certain situations. More precisely, it looks for recurring structures from which laws can be derived. It can then make accurate assumptions for the future, for example about the weather or to detect weeds or pests.